The Concise Oxford Dictionary of. Literary Terms. Chris Baldick is Professor of English at Goldsmiths'. College, University of London. He edited The Oxford. Recommended. Literature. Raymond Hickey. English Linguistics. University Duisburg and Sheridan A Complete Dictionary of the English Language () . The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms is a twenty-first century update of Roger Peter Childs is Professor of Modern English Literature at the University of.

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ENGLISH A: Language and Literature. Terminology and Vocabulary. Acquiring some of this vocabulary will do you great favours in your exam papers and your. Welcome to ITS Tutorial School's comprehensive source of definitions for terms related to English Literature. It covers a wide range of terms, concepts and. Cambridge History of English Lit- erature. The Canterbury Tales died. Dictionary of National Biography. Encyclopaedia Britannica editor, or.

For a rhetorician or speechwriter, writing and speaking in a convincing and persuasive manner is a profession, one which utilizes numerous tools of the trade to appeal to an audience.

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The power of persuasion can gain voters for a politician, convince people to take action for a cause, or get you a raise at your job. With appeals to both pure logic and powerful emotion, persuasion is an art that has been employed for centuries.

The importance of Persuasion Persuasion is an extremely powerful tool, as gaining the hearts and minds of an audience means gaining their support and action. Persuasion empowers the writer to change the mind of the audience and to compel the audience to take action in a certain way.

When to use Persuasion Persuasive tools are utilized by politicians, professional speakers, speechwriters, journalists, and poetry and prose writers. Persuasion should be used when convincing others is the goal in mind. In a piece which is supposed to be objective or unbiased such as a journalistic report, tools of persuasion should be avoided.


Common Terms Satire Satire refers to a play, novel, poem, film or other composition which uses comedy, irony, mockery, and exaggeration to criticize the absurdity or weaknesses of a certain person, institution, or situation.

Often, satire utilizes comedy for more serious means, such as political and social commentary. We often use rhetorical questions in everyday conversation as well as in speeches. Here are a few examples of rhetorical questions: Why would anyone do such a thing?

How much longer will we allow such injustices to exist? Are you kidding me?

The Concise Oxford Dictionary Of English Literature

Figurative Language For centuries, poets and laypeople alike have used beautiful language to celebrate nature, compliment lovers, and launch the mundane into the mystical. Figurative language is writing which appeals to the senses.

Rather than operating on logic or literalness, figurative language makes unique connections based on connotation, sound, and construction of words and phrases. The importance of Figurative Language Figurative language creates connections between unlike things which have never been considered before.

It encourages complicated, creative, and poetic thought processes which give rise to beautiful, strange, and unique conceptions.

Figurative language allows writers to transcend logical and typical bounds of thinking in order to present things in a new and meaningful way. When to use Figurative Language Figurative language is a chief component of poetic language as used in prose, poetry, speeches, and songs.

Because figurative language is not literal, it should not be used in compositions which are meant to be taken literally, such as scientific and mathematic manuals or textbooks. Common Terms Metaphor A metaphor is a direct and vivid comparison between two things usually considered distinct or unrelated.

Metaphors discover the connections between unique things and emphasize their similarities poetically without being taken literally. Here are a few examples of metaphor: Her smile is the sun. Hyperbole Hyperbole is a remarkably exaggerated statement or idea meant to be taken figuratively rather than literally.

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Hyperbole exaggerates certain elements of ideas or things for comedic or dramatic effects. Plot and Character Devices A story is not a story without a plot and characters.

Things must happen, and they must happen to interesting people who are flawed, capable of change, and active in their world. Plots are not always simple or linear, though, and characters are elements of a story which may be built, developed, and complicated.

Novelists, poets, journalists, filmmakers, and others use numerous elements in making a compelling, interesting, and believable story.

The importance of Plot and Character Devices Plot and character devices reveal how complicated compositions can be with a variety of necessary elements that piece the story together.

Cavafy uses end-stopped lines in his For example, the poet John Donne uses enjambment in his poem "The Good-Morrow" when he continues the opening sentence across the line For example, the poet John Donne uses The envoi tends to follow the same meter and rhyme The sentence "The king is dead, Epigrams typically end with a punchline or a satirical twist. For instance, the epigraph of Mary In the play Hamlet, when Hamlet responds to a question about what he's reading Ethos is an argument that appeals to the audience by emphasizing the Exposition can cover characters and their relationship to one another, the setting or time and place of events, as well as Exposition can cover characters and their So while "life is a highway" is a External conflict When people use the term "figurative language," however, they often do so in a slightly narrower way.

In this narrower definition, figurative language refers When people use the term "figurative language," however, they Figures of speech can be broken into two main groups: figures Typically, flat characters can be easily Foreshadowing can be achieved directly or indirectly, by making explicit statements or leaving subtle This two-line poem by Emily Dickinson is formal verse because it rhymes and Because it has no set meter, poems written in free verse can have lines of any length, from Because it has In the novel Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein's arrogant conviction that he can usurp the roles of God In Greek mythology, the legend of Icarus involves an iconic case of hubris Hyperbolic statements are usually quite obvious exaggerations intended to emphasize a point, rather than be taken literally Hyperbolic statements The word "define" is an iamb, with the unstressed syllable of "de" followed by the For example, saying that something is For instance, the following lines from Robert Frost's poem "After Apple-Picking" contain imagery that engages the senses of touch, movement, For instance, the following lines A single line of poetry can contain internal rhyme with multiple words in the same If this seems like a loose definition, don't worry—it is.

Irony is a Ideas, images, characters, and actions are all things that can be juxtaposed with one another. For example, Ideas, images, For example, "whale-road" is a kenning for For example, saying "It's not the best weather today" during a hurricane would Logos is an argument that appeals to an audience's sense of logic The comparison in a metaphor can be stated explicitly, as in the sentence "Love is These stress patterns are defined in groupings, called feet, of two or three syllables.

A pattern of unstressed-stressed, These stress patterns For example, in Motifs, which are often collections of related symbols, help develop the central themes of a book or play. For example, one Motifs, which are often collections of Two writers describing the same set of events might craft very different narratives, The most recognizable oxymorons are These "parallel" elements can be used to intensify the rhythm of Parataxis usually involves simple sentences or phrases whose relationships Bilingual Dictionaries.

Over 4, entries Based on the bestselling Oxford Companion to English Literature , this is an indispensable guide to all aspects of English literature. Bibliographic Information Publisher: Read More.

All Contents Entries. Items per page: Abbey Theatre, Dublin. Abbot, The. Abercrombie, Lascelles — Abish, Walter —. Aboulela, Leila —. Absalom and Achitophel. Abse, Dannie — Absentee, The. Absurd, Theatre of the. Achebe, Chinua —For instance, the question, "Who shall watch the watchmen?

External conflict Hyperbolic statements are usually quite obvious exaggerations intended to emphasize a point, rather than be taken literally Repetition occurs in so many different forms that it is usually not thought of as a single figure Mock epic--a long narrative poem that lightly parodies or mimics the conventions of classical epic. Post-modernism is typically associated with writers like William Gaddis, Thomas Pynchon, and John Barth, with film-makers like David Lynch and Quentin Tarantino, and with so-called deconstructionist forms of criticism.

Example: Death portrayed as a cloaked "grim reaper" with scythe and hourglass, or Justice depicted as a blindfolded figure with a sword and balances. Strictly speaking, utopian literature depicts attractive alternatives; whereas dystopian literature presents nightmarish or hellish visions of the future.

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