Klaus-Dieter Budras · Patrick H. McCarthy ·. Wolfgang Fricke · Renate Richter. Anatomy of the Dog with Aaron Horowitz and Rolf Berg vet vet. Anatomy of the. anatomy of the - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. 11 - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.

Dog Anatomy Pdf

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Selection was based on the utilitarian qualities of dogs which were known for their The anatomy was top priority, the knowledge of the animal's physical. Define anatomy. ▫ Discuss the different fields of anatomy. ▫ Identify and describe the integumentary system. ▫ Identify and describe the musculoskeletal system. The dog has bones. Regions of a. Long Bone. Structure of a Long Bone articular cartilage nutrient artery entering nutrient foramen marrow cavity compact .

Budras, K.

Hannover, Schlutersche, It is well laid out with the most superb, colour illustrations. The detailed anatomy of the dog is displayed in wonderful coloured line drawings, which range from osteology to detailed dissections.

Such is the skill of the illustrators, that the drawings convey much greater three-dimensional information than the majority of photographic atlases of canine anatomy. Clear labelling and legends add to the value of the illustrations.

The accompanying text is clear, easy to follow and complements the illustrations. This is followed by chapters on the central nervous system, the special senses and general anatomy.

The section on the introduction to the physicaltechnical basis of X-ray and ultrasound is an excellent reference text for students and clinicians. The last doi Endoscopic photographs are also used to illustrate the change from the normal to the pathological state.

My only criticism of this book is the position of the chapter on general anatomy. This chapter covers the concepts and terminology essential for any student of veterinary anatomy.

I feel a more appropriate position for this very good introductory chapter is at the beginning of the book rather than the end. Interpretation of the information produced by modern diagnostic imaging techniques requires a detailed knowledge of normal anatomy.

This book provides the information on canine anatomy in a readily accessible form. It is a pleasure to read. The chapter on applied anatomy makes it an essential text for both veterinary students and small animal clinicians.

Dog anatomy

The reticular layer consists of a plexus of coarse nondistensible collagenic fibers with a predominant course direction. Elastic fibers are present in both layers and function to restore the typical texture of the tissue following lacerations or other distortion of the skin with respect to the cells that are found here, especially fibrocytes, fibroblasts, mast cells, plasma cells, macrophages and pigment cells, see histology.

The subcutis 10 Tela subcutanea consists mainly of loose connective and adipose tissue. It is penetrated by connective tissue cords that fix the skin to the underlying fascia or periosteum.

The panniculus adiposus is the layer of fat tissue within the subcutis. Functionally, the subcutis with its subcutaneous fat tissue serves as a cushioning tissue, serves for the storage of calories and water as well as thermoregulation.

Its loose connective tissue functions as a gliding layer. Where the subcutis is lacking lips, cheeks, and eyelids this gliding function is lacking and the striated musculature ends here directly in the dermis.

The blood supply of the skin is provided by larger arteries and veins of the subcutis that, owing to the mobility of the skin, have a tortuous course. They send branches to the dermis that form here two networks.

The arterial network of the dermis 9 is located at the boundary with the subcutis and the subpapillary network 3 lies between the papillary and reticular layers and gives off subepidermal capillary loops into the papillary body.

The corresponding venous plexuses have a comparable location. A further subfascial vascular plexus joins the blood supply of the subcutis.

The blood flow can be cut short by arteriovenous anastomoses 4 , thus avoiding the capillary bed, and in this way the vascularization of the skin is regulated.

The papillary layer is especially well supplied with blood. These vessels dilate in order to give off heat and constrict to conserve body temperature.

In this way they function like the sweat glands in thermoregulation. The venous plexuses also function as a place to store blood.

The lymphatic supply is by lymph capillary networks that begin subepidermally and invest the hair follicles and skin glands. The nerve supply is by sensory and sympathetic neurons sympathetic nerve plexuses invest the blood vessels and function to regulate the blood pressure and in thermoregulation. The skin can be considered as the largest sensory organ of the body.

anatomy of the dog.pdf

Numerous nerve terminals 16 and terminal end corpuscles e. With loss of their myelin sheaths, free nerve endings penetrate the epidermis at particular sites of the body and serve to mediate the sensation of pain.

Hairs are cornified filiform structures that are formed by the skin. The hair is subdivided into the shaft 15 , which projects beyond the surface of the skin, the root 21 , which is obliquely oriented within the dermis and has at its proximal end an expanded part, the hair bulb 8. Hair root and hair bulb are in a divided epithelial root sheath Vagina epithelialis radicularis.

The outer part of the sheath is continuous with the superficial epidermis. Its inner part cornifies above the mouth of the sebaceous gland 18 and will be shed. The connective tissue root sheath Vagina dermalis radicularis is continuous with the surrounding connective tissue.

The epidermal and dermal root sheaths together with the bulb of the hair constitute the hair follicle.

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The parts of the hair are medulla 12 , the cortex 13 and the superficial hair cuticle 14 , which consists of thin scale-like cornified cells and, the same as the medulla, is used for forensic species identification and individual diagnostic procedures.

The arrector pili muscle 5 terminates below the mouth of the sebaceous gland, attaching obliquely to the dermal sheath of the root of the hair. Its contraction results in erection of the hair in human beings, this brings about the phenomenon of goose pimples. Contraction of the arrector pili muscle compresses the sebaceous glands and, in erecting the hair, increases the air space between the hairs and the skin surface for thermo-isolation.

The hair coat depends on the breed and is characterized by the individual and group-like arrangement of the hairs, the different portions of the individual hair types lead hairs, guard hairs, wool hairs as well as by the density, length and color of the hairs.The stratum granulosum is so-named because of the keratohyalin granules that it contains.

The surface pattern is individually specific and for this reason serves to identify the individual animal. Pharyngeal muscles. Parietal region. Loss of the capacity Muscles innervated by axillary nerve.

Contraction of the arrector pili muscle compresses the sebaceous glands and. These tubular glands open usually into the hair follicle. The dorsal a and ventral midline b are the dorsal and ventral median lines of the body. C Canine tooth.

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