NETTER NEUROANATOMY PDF

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This selection of the art of Dr. Frank H. Netter on neuroanatomy and from the Atlas of Human Anatomy and Netter's Atlas of Human Physiology. Viewing these . Neuroanatomy An Atlas of Structures, Sections, and sirochaterfarm.tk Selections from the Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations The value of Dr. Netter's. Atlas of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology Selections from the Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations Illustrations by Frank H. Netter, MD John A. Craig, MD.


Netter Neuroanatomy Pdf

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This Introduction to Human Neuroanatomy provides a look at the structure of the .. Credit Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience: Authors: David L. Felten and. Ideal for students of neuroscience and neuroanatomy, the new edition of Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience combines the didactic well-loved illustrations of Dr. Frank. Sylvius for Neuroscience: A Visual Glossary of Human Neuroanatomy, included in every copy of the textbook, is an interactive CD reference.

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Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Ale at Colegio Cientifico Csotarricense exc Muchas gracias.. Emil Farhat. Jennifer C. Lili Ontiveros. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Netter de neurologia pdf 1. Netter, MD John A. Hansen, PhD Bruce M. Koeppen, MD, PhD 2. All rights reserved. The contents of this book may not be reproduced in any form without writtenauthorization from Icon Custom Communications.

Neither the publisher nor the authors can be held responsible for errors or for anyconsequences arising from the use of the information contained herein, and makeno warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the contents of the publication.

Printed in U. Foreword Frank Netter: Frank H. Viewing these picturesagain prompts reflection on Dr. Netter was born in in New York City. During his student years, Dr. He continued illustrating as asideline after establishing a surgical practice in , but ultimately opted to give up his practice infavor of a full-time commitment to art.

This year partnership resulted in the production of the extraordinarycollection of medical art so familiar to physicians and other medical professionals worldwide. When Dr. As a student of Dr.

In that respect each plate is more of an intellectual than an artistic or aesthetic exercise. It iseasy to appreciate the aesthetic qualities of Dr. This intellectual process requires thorough under-standing of the topic, as Dr. Motor fibers of these spinal nerves inner- outer, tough dura mater; the arachnoid mater; and the pia mater, vate skeletal muscle, and sensory fibers convey information back which intimately ensheaths the cord itself.

CSF bathes the cord and to the central nervous system from the skin, skeletal muscles, and is found in the subarachnoid space.

Cell bodies of the motor neurons are tems. The PNS consists of somatic and autonomic components. The found in the anterior horn gray matter, whereas the cell bodies of somatic component innervates skeletal muscle and skin and is sensory neurons are located in the dorsal root ganglia. Postganglionic axons of the auto- parasympathetic division derived from four of the cranial nerves nomic nervous system innervate smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and CN III, VII, IX, and X and the S2-S4 sacral spinal cord levels, and the glands.

The autonomic nervous system is a two- homeostatic functions. Normally, both divisions work in concert to neuron chain, with the preganglionic neuron arising from the central regulate visceral activity respiration, cardiovascular function, diges- nervous system and synapsing on a postganglionic neuron located in tion, and associated glandular activity.

Although acetylcholine and noradrenaline are the autonomic ganglion. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter in both chief transmitter substances, other neuroactive peptides often are the sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia. The parasympathetic colocalized with them and include such substances as gamma- division of the ANS releases acetylcholine at its postganglionic aminobutyric acid GABA , substance P, enkephalins, histamine, synapses and is characterized as having cholinergic C effects, glutamic acid, neuropeptide Y, and others.

It tion of the functions listed. The limbic system functions in linking emo- interconnected structures in the telencephalon cingulate, parahip- tion and motivation amygdala , learning and memory hippocam- pocampal, and subcallosal gyri , as well as the amygdala and hip- pal formation , and sexual behavior hypothalamus.

In addi- including aspects of memory storage and recall, language, higher tion to specific areas devoted to sensory and motor functions, there cognitive functions, conscious perception, sensory integration, and are areas that integrate information from multiple sources.

Netter atlas of physiology

General cortical cerebral cortex participates in advanced intellectual functions, areas associated with these functions are illustrated. The anterior horn cells and their associated axons constitute skilled movements of distal muscles of the limbs. All structures the lower portion of the system lower motor neuron.

It bellum primarily controls movement of the proximal portions of the receives sensory information and then influences descending motor limbs. It receives sensory information on limb position and muscle pathways to produce fine, smooth, and coordinated motion.

The tone and then modifies and coordinates these movements through cerebellum is divided into three general areas: The called vestibulocerebellum paleocerebellum also called spinocere- neocerebellum is the largest portion of the cerebellum, and it coordi- bellum and the neocerebellum also called the cerebrocerebellum. It receives The archicerebellum is primarily involved in controlling posture and input from the cerebral cortex and thus helps in the planning of balance, as well as the movement of the head and eyes.

It receives motor activity e. It modifies and coordinates It influences descending motor pathways to produce fine, smooth, these movements through efferent pathways to the appropriate and coordinated motion. The archicerebellum is primarily involved descending motor pathways. The neocerebellum coordinates the in controlling posture and balance and movement of the head and movement of the distal portions of the limbs. It helps in the plan- eyes. It sends efferent fibers to the appropriate descending motor ning of motor activity e.

The paleocerebellum primarily controls movement of executing the movement of the arm and hand to pick it up. Free at low frequency i. The pacinian corpuscles are located nerve endings respond to pain and temperature. Pressure at central core Central core and, accordingly, generator potentials are rapidly dissipated by viscoelastic properties of capsule Action potentials may Unmyelinated axon terminal be blocked by pressure at a node or by drugs Pressure To amplifier Generator potential B.

In absence of capsule, axon responds to slow as well as to rapid changes in pressure. As the vis- mechanical force while the concentric lamellae dissipate slow coelastic lamellae are displaced, the unmyelinated axon terminal changes in pressure.

The lower panel shows mechanoreceptors, Golgi tendon organs, and muscle spindles the somatotopic distribution of the motor neuron cell bodies in the middle figure of upper panel.

Both monosynaptic reflex pathways ventral horn of the spinal cord that innervate limb muscles flexor middle figure of upper panel and polysynaptic pathways involv- and extensor muscles of upper and lower limbs. Muscle spindles convey information on muscle ten- and nuclear chain fibers.

If the muscle tension is too great e.

The nuclear bag fibers respond to both dynamic and static Golgi tendon organ causes a reflex relaxation of the muscle.

Passive stretch. Both intrafusal and extrafusal muscle fibers stretched; Golgi spindles activated. Reflex via Ia fibers and alpha motor neurons causes tendon secondary contraction basis of stretch reflexes, such as knee jerk.

Active contraction. Central excitation of alpha motor neurons only causes contraction of extrafusal muscle fibers with consequent relaxation of intrafusal fibers; spindles not activated.

Tension is low; Golgi does not adjust to increased resistance. Active contraction with gamma coactivation. Intrafusal as well as Golgi extrafusal fibers contract; spindles activated, reinforcing contraction tendon stimulus via Ia fibers in accord with resistance. Stretch reflex A. Recurrent inhibition D. I Cerebral cortex: The fasciculus gracilis and cuneatus of the spinal pathways.

Ultimately, these fibers ascend as parallel pathways to lemniscal system convey proprioceptive, vibratory, and tactile sen- the thalamus, synapse, and ascend to the cortex. Maxillary n. Pons Sensory root and Motor root of mandibular n. Most relay neurons project to the con- the head are in the trigeminal semilunar ganglion of the trigemi- tralateral VPM nucleus of the thalamus and thence to the postcen- nal CN V nerve blue and red lines in figure.

Neuronal cell bod- tral gyrus of the cerebral cortex, where they are somatotopically ies mediating proprioception reside in the mesencephalic nucleus represented. III Schematic demarcation of dermatomes shown as distinct C2 segments. This figure shows the der- of the body, which reflect the distribution of peripheral sensory matome segments and lists key dermatome levels used by clini- fibers that convey sensations to the spinal cord through the dorsal cians.

Variability and overlap occur, so all dermatome segments roots sensory nerve cell bodies reside in the corresponding dorsal are only approximations. Eyeball B. Rod in dark D.

Thus, in the ization of the receptor cell membrane.

Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience

Fibers synapse in the lateral geniculate acuity. The greatest acuity is found in the region of the macula of nucleus visual field is topographically represented here and the retina, where only cones are found upper left panel. Visual inverted , and signals are conveyed to the visual cortex on the signals are conveyed by the ganglion cells whose axons course in medial surface of the occipital lobe.

Membranous Semicircular Utricle labyrinth within canals bony labyrinth Saccule path of sound waves Scala vestibuli Cochlear duct scala media Scala tympani Round window Oval window and stapes B.

This is response to pressure changes imparted on the oval window of the accomplished by the hair cells, which depolarize in response to cochlea in response to vibrations of the tympanic membrane. Pathways Acoustic area of temporal lobe cortex Medial geniculate body Brachium of inferior colliculus Inferior colliculus Midbrain Correspondence between cochlea and acoustic area of cortex: Axons convey geniculate bodies and then the acoustic cortex in the transverse these signals to the dorsal and ventral cochlear nuclei, where it is gyrus of the temporal lobe, where information is tonotopically rep- tonotopically organized.

Following a series of integrated relay resented low, middle, and high tones. Membranous labyrinth Superior semi- Vestibular ganglion circular canal Vestibular and cochlear Cristae within divisions of ampullae vestibulocochlear n. Section of crista Opposite wall of ampulla Gelatinous cupula C. The three semicircular canals are of linear and angular acceleration.

This information is important for aligned so that the angular movement of the head can be sensed in the control of eye movements so that the retina can be provided all planes. The sensory hair cells are located in the maculae of the with a stable visual image.

It is also important for the control of utricle and saccule and in the cristae within each ampullae. Vestibulospinal Tracts Excitatory endings Superior Inhibitory Medial endings Vestibular nuclei Lateral Inferior Ascending fibers in medial Rostral longitudinal fasciculi Upper limb Trunk Ventral Dorsal To Lower cerebellum limb Caudal Somatotopical pattern in lateral vestibular nucleus Vestibular ganglion and nerve Motor neuron controlling neck muscles Medial vestibulo- Fibers from cristae Lateral rotational stimuli spinal fibers in medial vestibulospinal longitudinal fasciculi tract Excitatory Excitatory endings interneuron to back Inhibitory muscles?

Inhibitory ending? Axons con- vomiting center , extraocular muscles, and cortex conscious per- vey vestibular information to the vestibular nuclei in the pons, and ception.

This figure shows only the spinal cord pathways. Tongue B. Detail of taste pore E. Taste larize neurons connected to the taste cells. A single taste bud can cells, like neurons, normally have a net negative charge internally respond to more than one stimulus.

The four traditional taste qualities and are depolarized by stimuli, thus releasing transmitters that depo- that are sensed are sweet, salty, sour, and bitter.

Motor nucleus of trigeminal n. Mandibular n. Pons Pterygo- palatine Greater petrosal n.

Otic and ganglion Lingual n. Fungiform papillae Lower Foliate papillae part of Valiate papillae medulla oblongata Petrosal inferior ganglion of Epiglottis glossopharyngeal n. Larynx Nodose inferior ganglion of vagus n.

Vagus X n. Superior laryngeal n. Distribution Cribriform plate bulb of olfactory of ethmoid bone epithelium blue area Lateral nasal wall Septum B.

Like taste buds, an olfactory cell can camphor e. There are six general odor permint. Integrated signals pass along the olfactory tubercle. Axons then project to the primary olfactory olfactory tract and centrally diverge to pass to the anterior commis- cortex piriform cortex , entorhinal cortex, and amygdala. A copy of Acrobat Reader 5.

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Please follow these instructions: Choose Run from the Start menu and then click Browse. Double-click the InstallAcrobat. Follow the onscreen instructions. Running the Atlas of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology Windows 1. If Acrobat Reader 5. Choose Run from the Start menu and type x: Under Files of Type, click All Files. Double-click the Neuro Atlas. For best viewing results, use the Edit menu to access the Preferences. Macintosh 1. No material on this CD-ROM may be reproduced in any elec- tronic format, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permis- sion in writing from the publisher.The PNS consists of somatic and autonomic components.

The cerebellum 52 coordinates smooth motor activities and processes muscle position. The value of Dr.

Intrafusal as well as Golgi extrafusal fibers contract; spindles activated, reinforcing contraction tendon stimulus via Ia fibers in accord with resistance. Netter to another,more subtle, choice in his art. Otic and ganglion Lingual n. We would like to ask you for a moment of your time to fill in a short questionnaire, at the end of your visit.

Uniquely informative drawings provide a quick and memorable overview of anatomy, function, and clinical relevance.

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