Biography Of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Hindi,Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Ki Jeevani. Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January – 18 August ) was an Indian nationalist whose . Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January (at pm) in Cuttack, Orissa .. Spoken in Hindi, Bose's words are highly evocative. Social, Economic and Political Philosophy of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (PDF). Ideology and Political Vision of Subhas Chandra Bose in Early Life 10 - 12 . are available in many languages, namely English, Hindi, Bangla.
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An Indian Pilgrim. An Autobiography of Subhas Chandra Bose · Download Free PDF. This book contains unfinished autobiography of Subhas Chandra Bose. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was an important leader of Indian independence movement. This Biography profiles his childhood, life, achievements and death. Subhas Chandra Bose, byname Netaji (Hindi: “Respected Leader”), (born c. January 23, , Cuttack, Orissa [now Odisha], India—died August 18,
It was during the Labour Party government of —, with Attlee as the Prime Minister, that India gained independence. On the outbreak of war, Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow 's decision to declare war on India's behalf without consulting the Congress leadership. Having failed to persuade Gandhi of the necessity of this, Bose organised mass protests in Calcutta calling for the 'Holwell Monument' commemorating the Black Hole of Calcutta , which then stood at the corner of Dalhousie Square , to be removed.
Bose's house in Calcutta was kept under surveillance by the CID. A few days before his escape, he sought solitude and, on this pretext, avoided meeting British guards and grew a beard.
Late night 16 January , the night of his escape, he dressed as a Pathan brown long coat, a black fez-type coat and broad pyjamas to avoid being identified. Bose was taken to the home of Abad Khan, a trusted friend of Akbar Shah's. Shah had been out of India en route to the Soviet Union, and suggested a novel disguise for Bose to assume.
Since Bose could not speak one word of Pashto , it would make him an easy target of Pashto speakers working for the British. For this reason, Shah suggested that Bose act deaf and dumb, and let his beard grow to mimic those of the tribesmen. Bose's guide Bhagat Ram Talwar, unknown to him, was a Soviet agent. After assuming the guise of a Pashtun insurance agent "Ziaudddin" to reach Afghanistan, Bose changed his guise and travelled to Moscow on the Italian passport of an Italian nobleman "Count Orlando Mazzotta".
From Moscow, he reached Rome , and from there he travelled to Germany. However, Bose found the Soviets' response disappointing and was rapidly passed over to the German Ambassador in Moscow, Count von der Schulenburg. He had Bose flown on to Berlin in a special courier aircraft at the beginning of April where he was to receive a more favourable hearing from Joachim von Ribbentrop and the Foreign Ministry officials at the Wilhelmstrasse.
Its members swore the following allegiance to Hitler and Bose: "I swear by God this holy oath that I will obey the leader of the German race and state, Adolf Hitler , as the commander of the German armed forces in the fight for India, whose leader is Subhas Chandra Bose". This oath clearly abrogates control of the Indian legion to the German armed forces whilst stating Bose's overall leadership of India. He was also, however, prepared to envisage an invasion of India via the USSR by Nazi troops, spearheaded by the Azad Hind Legion ; many have questioned his judgment here, as it seems unlikely that the Germans could have been easily persuaded to leave after such an invasion, which might also have resulted in an Axis victory in the War.
But instead of being delighted, Bose was worried. A left-wing admirer of Russia, he was devastated when Hitler's tanks rolled across the Soviet border. Matters were worsened by the fact that the now-retreating German army would be in no position to offer him help in driving the British from India.
When he met Hitler in May , his suspicions were confirmed, and he came to believe that the Nazi leader was more interested in using his men to win propaganda victories than military ones.
So, in February , Bose turned his back on his legionnaires and slipped secretly away aboard a submarine bound for Japan. This left the men he had recruited leaderless and demoralised in Germany.
During his earlier visit to Germany in , he had met Emilie Schenkl , the daughter of an Austrian veterinarian whom he married in Their daughter is Anita Bose Pfaff.
Bose speaking in Tokyo in In , after being disillusioned that Germany could be of any help in gaining India's independence, he left for Japan. He travelled with the German submarine U around the Cape of Good Hope to the southeast of Madagascar, where he was transferred to the I for the rest of the journey to Imperial Japan.
This was the only civilian transfer between two submarines of two different navies in World War II. Mohan Singh was taken into custody and the troops returned to the prisoner-of-war camp.
Mahanayak - A fictionalized biography of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
However, the idea of an independence army was revived with the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Far East in Bose was able to reorganise the fledgling army and organise massive support among the expatriate Indian population in south-east Asia, who lent their support by both enlisting in the Indian National Army, as well as financially in response to Bose's calls for sacrifice for the independence cause.
Lakshmi Swaminathan , which is seen as a first of its kind in Asia. Spoken as a part of a motivational speech for the Indian National Army at a rally of Indians in Burma on 4 July , Bose's most famous quote was "Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom! The troops of the INA were under the aegis of a provisional government, the Azad Hind Government, which came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code, and was recognised by nine Axis states — Germany, Japan, Italian Social Republic , the Independent State of Croatia , Wang Jingwei regime in Nanjing , China, a provisional government of Burma, Manchukuo and Japanese-controlled Philippines.
Recent researches[ which? This government participated in the so-called Greater East Asia Conference as an observer in November INA's special forces, the Bahadur Group, were extensively involved in operations behind enemy lines both during the diversionary attacks in Arakan, as well as the Japanese thrust towards Imphal and Kohima , along with the Burmese National Army led by Ba Maw and Aung San.
Loganathan appointed its Governor General. The islands were renamed Shaheed Martyr and Swaraj Independence. However, the Japanese Navy remained in essential control of the island's administration.
Biography Of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Hindi
During Bose's only visit to the islands in early , apparently in the interest of shielding Bose from attaining a full knowledge of ultimate Japanese intentions, Bose's Japanese hosts carefully isolated him from the local population. At that time the island's Japanese administration had been torturing the leader of the island's Indian Independence League, Dr.
Diwan Singh , who later died of his injuries in the Cellular Jail. During Bose's visit to the islands several locals attempted to alert Bose to Dr. Singh's plight, but apparently without success.
During this time Lt. Col Loganathan became aware of his lack of any genuine administrative control and resigned in protest as Governor General, later returning to the Government's headquarters in Rangoon. During this operation, On 6 July , in a speech broadcast by the Azad Hind Radio from Singapore, Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the "Father of the Nation" and asked for his blessings and good wishes for the war he was fighting.
This was the first time that Gandhi was referred to by this appellation. Through several months of Japanese onslaught on these two towns, Commonwealth forces remained entrenched in the towns. Commonwealth forces then counter-attacked, inflicting serious losses on the Axis led forces, who were then forced into a retreat back into Burmese territory.
After the Japanese defeat at the battles of Kohima and Imphal, Bose's Provisional Government's aim of establishing a base in mainland India was lost forever. However, with the fall of Rangoon , Bose's government ceased to be an effective political entity. The remaining troops retreated with Bose towards Malaya or made for Thailand.
Activity in exile
Japan's surrender at the end of the war also led to the surrender of the remaining elements of the Indian National Army. The INA prisoners were then repatriated to India and some tried for treason.
Bose's ashes are stored in the temple in a golden pagoda. In the consensus of scholarly opinion, Subhas Chandra Bose's death occurred from third-degree burns on 18 August after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed in Japanese-ruled Formosa now Taiwan.
Yoshimi immediately saw evidence of third-degree burns on many parts of the body, especially on his chest, doubting very much that he would live. In he was appointed chief executive officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation , with Das as mayor. Bose was soon after deported to Burma Myanmar because he was suspected of connections with secret revolutionary movements.
Early life and political activity
Released in , he returned to find Bengal Congress affairs in disarray after the death of Das, and Bose was elected president of the Bengal Congress.
Shortly thereafter he and Jawaharlal Nehru became the two general secretaries of the Indian National Congress. Together they represented the more militant, left-wing faction of the party against the more compromising, right-wing Gandhian faction. A falling-out with Gandhi Vocal support for Gandhi increased within the Indian National Congress, meanwhile, and, in light of this, Gandhi resumed a more commanding role in the party. When the civil disobedience movement was started in , Bose was already in detention for his associations with an underground revolutionary group, the Bengal Volunteers.
Nevertheless, he was elected mayor of Calcutta while in prison.
Released and then rearrested several times for his suspected role in violent acts, Bose was finally allowed to proceed to Europe after he contracted tuberculosis and was released for ill health. He returned from Europe in , was again taken into custody, and was released after a year.
GK Questions and Answers on Subhash Chandra Bose
Facts Matter. In he was elected president of the Indian National Congress and formed a national planning committee, which formulated a policy of broad industrialization. He founded the Forward Bloc , hoping to rally radical elements, but was again incarcerated in July On January 26, , though closely watched, he escaped from his Calcutta residence in disguise and, traveling via Kabul and Moscow , eventually reached Germany in April.Did he go to our Embassy?
However, the Japanese Navy remained in essential control of the island's administration. However, Bose found the Soviets' response disappointing and was rapidly passed over to the German Ambassador in Moscow, Count von der Schulenburg.
Kumaria put it. In he was elected president of the Indian National Congress and formed a national planning committee, which formulated a policy of broad industrialization. Bose first expressed his preference for "a synthesis of what modern Europe calls socialism and fascism " in a speech in Calcutta.
Earliest ruler to fight British rule Rani Tapaswini: Bose appeared at the Congress meeting on a stretcher.